November 24, 2014

The endangered SIM card

Moves to reinvent, or even abolish, the SIM card could have big consequences. The Economist reports.

quotemarksright.jpgThe job of the SIM (subscriber identity module) is to store some unique numbers and an encryption key, which are used to identify the subscriber when the device is communicating with the network.

For as long as wireless networks carried mostly voice calls, SIMs worked well. Their chips are hard to hack: prying them open to get at the stored information can make them self-destruct. Since only mobile operators were allowed to issue SIMs, and were given much leeway over the terms on which they did so, they were able to create monthly payment schemes which subsidised the upfront cost of a handset. This helped mobile telephony to get going, and thereafter provided a mechanism for persuading consumers to keep on trading their old phones for ever more sophisticated new ones.

However, now that most mobile devices can connect through Wi-Fi, their SIM cards no longer seem quite so indispensable. Most tablets, even those with SIM card slots, are not bought from a mobile operator; and the cost and hassle of signing up for a SIM card, so as to use the device when there is no Wi-Fi available, is too much for many buyers.

So, Apple’s new SIMs are meant to make it easier to sign up for a mobile operator—and to encourage people to choose the pricier iPad models that contain them.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article

emily | 5:02 PM | Mobile Payments | permalink

November 19, 2014

What texting does to the spine


Sixty pounds is roughly the weight of four adult-sized bowling balls. Or six plastic grocery bags worth of food. Or an 8-year-old. [via Quartz]

quotemarksright.jpgIt is also, according to a new calculation published in the journal Surgical Technology International, the amount of force exerted on the head of an adult human who is looking down at her phone.

According to Nielsen, Americans spend about an hour on their smartphones each day. Unless you train yourself to stare straight ahead into your iPhone screen, you could be continually stressing your spine. For Kenneth Hansraj, a New York back surgeon, “these stresses lead to early wear, tear, degeneration, and possibly surgeries.”

Of course, physical therapists have been howling about the scourge of “Text Neck” for years. But it’s certainly eyebrow-raising to learn that looking at Twitter in the supermarket checkout line is the equivalent of giving an aardvark a piggy-back ride.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

Snapchat launches Snapcash money transfer service

Ephemeral messaging service Snapchat has teamed up with payment processing company Square to launch a new money transfer service called Snapcash, that allows users to send and receive money directly from the app. The Telegraph reports.

quotemarksright.jpgSquare already offers a payment app called Square Cash, which allows users to type a dollar amount into the subject line of an email in order to send cash to friends.

Snapcash builds on this by allowing Snapchat users to type the dollar amount into a private message and transfer the money into the recipient's pre-registered account with the touch of a button.

The service is currently limited to Snapchat users in the United States who have a debit card and are 18 or older. However, it is possible the company will roll it out on a wider scale if it proves to be successful.

Snapchat emphasised that no personal financial data will be stored on Snapchat's servers. Square will be responsible for storing all user bank and debit card information, and for handling transactions.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

emily | 8:38 AM | Mobile Payments | permalink

November 18, 2014

U.S. Mobile Payments Market to Boom by 2019, Research Firm Says

Screen Shot 2014-11-18 at 09.08.42.png Mobile-based payments in the United States are expected to reach $142 billion in volume in 2019, according to a report Forrester, from about $50 billion currently. The New York Times reports.

quotemarksright.jpgIn the study, which released on Monday morning, the firm spoke to a dozen payments industry companies, including PayPal, Verifone and Visa. They indicated that the shift to mobile commerce was growing quickly.

Companies like Google, PayPal and AT&T have tried for years to create their versions of a mobile wallet, but they have not gotten much traction. Forrester claims that the market has matured over the last five years, and it expects that the next five will be the tipping point bringing mobile payments into the mainstream.

“It’s not just that we have smartphones. It’s that we’re increasingly dependent or rely on or expect them to deliver more,” said Denée Carrington, a Forrester analyst.

Ms. Carrington expects that Apple Pay, the first major e-commerce product from the tech giant Apple, will accelerate much of the growth of in-person mobile payments at the register.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article

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November 14, 2014

Report: Feds Using Airplanes to Target Criminal Suspects’ Cell-Phone Data

The Justice Department is using equipment on board aircraft that simulates cell towers to collect data from criminal suspects’ cell phones, according to a report Thursday.[via TIME]

quotemarksright.jpgCiting “people familiar with the operations,” the Wall Street Journal reports that a program operating under the U.S. Marshals Service is said to use small aircraft flying from five different airports around the country. Devices aboard those planes called “dirtboxes” essentially trick the suspects’ cellphones into thinking they’re connecting to legitimate cell towers from big wireless carriers like Verizon or AT&T, allowing the feds to scoop up personal data and location information about those targeted.

However, the report details those devices could be gathering data from “tens of thousands” of Americans in a single flight, meaning nonsuspects are likely to be included in the data roundup. The new report could shed some light on earlier reports of mysterious “phony” cell towers that security researchers have found around the country.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

emily | 8:37 AM | News, Buzz | permalink

November 11, 2014

Reuters wants to convince young people to embrace TV news on their phones

screen-shot-2014-11-10-at-23-20-32.jpg Reuters TV, which the company showed off at an event in New York last night, is intended to be a new kind of TV news for a generation that largely gets its news elsewhere. Quartz reports.

quotemarksright.jpgReuters TV comes in the form of a smartphone or tablet app that will download a tailored video news bulletin at any time of day or night. The content will depend on what’s currently breaking, how long a bulletin you want—you can specify from five to 30 minutes—and your interests, which the app learns as you watch. (Reuters anticipates that people will set it to load up a bulletin before they leave home or work, and watch on the commute.)

It also includes live feeds from Reuters TV crews around the world; should you so desire, you can spend your entire day watching people lounge around their tents at Hong Kong’s Occupy Central.

All this is made possible by some in-house technology and a team of editors, who pull in reports from Reuters’ ma

ssive network of worldwide correspondents and re-edit them into packages of several different lengths. It is slick, well-made, and undeniably clever. Nobody else has built so comprehensive a hybrid between the old format of TV news with modern ways of consuming media.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read more.

November 10, 2014

Mobile Data Collection Apps in Fight Against Ebola


Magpi, a leading provider of configurable, cloud-based mobile data collection and communication applications, today announced several government agencies and nonprofit organizations are already using its technology in the fight against Ebola.

The U.S. Department of Defense, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), and International Rescue Committee (IRC) are among some of the organizations currently using Magpi in West Africa for contact tracing, identification of bodies, lab reporting, health supply tracking, and other purposes.

In addition, Magpi announced it has added photo collection to its technology. Users can now take photos along with form data in order to better collect and analyze information. The new feature will be used to take photos of unidentified Ebola victims at burial, in an effort to let their families locate them later.

“We’re incredibly pleased to be a part of such important work that is helping in the fight against this deadly disease,” said Dr. Joel Selanikio, CEO and co-founder of Magpi. “Using Magpi instead of paper forms will save critical time in gathering and analyzing data as we work to contain and eliminate Ebola as soon as possible.”

[via Press release] Follow Magpi on Twitter @Magpi_Mobile.

Image from US News article: 'Mobile Phones, Social Media Aiding Ebola Fight'.

November 1, 2014

Cell Phones, Social Media and Campaign 2014


Cell phones and social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter are playing an increasingly prominent role in how voters get political information and follow election news, according to a new national survey by the Pew Research Center.

quotemarksright.jpgAs smartphone ownership has increased dramatically in recent years, more and more Americans are using their mobile devices to keep tabs on political events.

Some 28% of registered voters have used their cell phone this year to keep up with news relating to the election or political events, which represents a two-fold increase compared with the most recent midterm election cycle. In a survey conducted at the end of the 2010 election campaign, just 13% of registered voters said that they had used their cell phones to keep up with election coverage.

40% of registered voters ages 30-49 have used their cell phones to track election coverage this year, up from just 15% who did so during the previous midterm campaign.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full press release.

emily | 8:55 AM | SMS and Politics | permalink

October 31, 2014

Text messaging project helps ease religious and tribal tensions in Kenya’s Tana Delta


A conflict is unfolding in Tana Delta, a remote region of eastern Kenya where two ethnic communities are trading in harmful rumors, misinformation and hate speech. [via Religion News]

quotemarksright.jpg... One false rumor claimed the Orma had been given 3,000 AK-47s to destroy the Pokomo. Another stated that a Pokomo health worker tried to inject Orma children with poison instead of vaccines.

Early this year, Christopher Tuckwood, The Sentinel Project’s executive director partnered with iHub Research, a Nairobi-based technology innovation hub, to launch “Una Hakika,” which means “Are You Sure?” in Swahili. In a region where cellphones are ubiquitous but connections to the Internet are scarce, the project uses toll-free text messaging to monitor such rumors and give community members neutral and accurate information.

Already, some people working on the project think it has wider potential to diffuse religious tensions among communities across the globe.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 28, 2014

A New Tool in Humanitarian Relief: Texting


Understanding how Ebola is affecting the food supply is far easier when a robot is running the survey. The Atlantic reports.

quotemarksright.jpgPandemics, like war, have a higher cost than their death toll. On top of the 5,000 lives that Ebola has claimed, there are other sorts of victims in the six West African countries the virus has reached. The emergency erodes trust and infrastructures, threatening local economics and livelihoods.

One infrastructure that’s relatively hard to take down with disease, though, is the cellular phone system. Now, researchers are using it to check on the well-being of people living among the Ebola pandemic.

A UN World Food Programme (WFP) survey earlier this month found that households in Kailahun and Kenema—two districts in eastern Sierra Leone badly affected by the Ebola outbreak—are using “severe food coping strategies.”

“This means people are struggling to meet their basic food needs,” said Jean-Martin Bauer, a food analyst with the WFP. These coping strategies can include skipping meals, reducing portion sizes, and eating less-preferred foods.

The results of the survey are key to understanding who needs support and when, but the methods are important too. The poll was conducted by SMS and “interactive voice” calls—that is, by texting or “robocalling” questions to people who live in the two districts. This automated technique keeps researchers safe, and allows for multiple rounds of surveys to be sent out automatically over time.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 27, 2014

The Red Cross Is Using Text Messaging To Take Down Ebola

Screen Shot 2014-10-27 at 16.19.01.png After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, the Red Cross sent text messages across the country with health tips, locations of aid and safety reminders. A similar system is being used in Sierra Leone to combat Ebola. NPR reports.

quotemarksright.jpgIn an effort to contain Ebola, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC has teamed up with local cell-phone provider Airtel and the Sierra Leonean government to send health reminders via text message.

Since the Ebola outbreak began last April, the Trilogy Emergency Relief Application (TERA) system has sent out about two million text messages a month in Sierra Leone, reminding people to seek treatment early, avoid physical contact with others and not resist the efforts of community healthcare workers.

Texting isn't the only technology being used to combat Ebola. In West Africa, Twitter was abuzz with health tips and reassurance. Social media analytics firm Crimson Hexagon determined that since July, there have been 1.3 million tweets about Ebola coming out of Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Guinea, the majority of them discussing treatment. For comparison, since September, 41 percent of tweets coming from the U.S. about Ebola discussed fear.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 24, 2014

Next-generation 911 will allow texting, with photos and videos to follow

images.jpg Emergency dispatch centers are gearing up to handle communications beyond simple phone calls. Known as next-generation 911, it will roll out in some places as early as next year and is expected to be widespread within about three years. [via Spokesman]

quotemarksright.jpgPeople will be able to text 911 directly, with more advanced interactions to follow. Before long a witness to an unfolding disaster or a crime in progress will be able to send live video of the scene to a dispatcher, who can patch that through to first responders, giving them a glimpse of what to expect.

... But before the local dispatch center can begin receiving texts, photos and video, Washington must upgrade the statewide 911 network, which routes calls to the appropriate jurisdiction, Mizell said. The state is getting ready to make those improvements now.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read more.

Asian elephant SMS saving Indian live

Screen Shot 2014-10-24 at 08.42.02.png Biologist work to bring down the number of human deaths from encounters with Asian elephants through mobile phones. AlJazeera reports.

quotemarksright.jpgMobile phones are being increasingly used in one of India's southern states to reduce conflict between Asian elephants and the humans who live near their habitat.

Ananda Kumar of the Nature Conservation Foundation (NCF) is leading this technological revolution to bring down the number of human casualties from these encounters by sending out mass text alerts to those in the rural areas, where mobile phones are fairly common these days.

Human-animal conflict is a growing problem with rapid urbanisation and clearing of land. A recent report by the National Crime Records Bureau, between 2009-2011, almost 1,000 people were killed in the states of Assam, Maharashtra and Odisha, in confrontations with wild animals, especially elephants.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

emily | 8:38 AM | SMS and Wildlife | permalink

October 21, 2014

How An Intelligent Text Message Service Aims To Tackle Ebola In Western Africa

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A computer-controlled text message service could direct Ebola cases to appropriate medical facilities and track the spread of the disease in the process–provided it can raise the necessary funding. [MIT Technology Review]

quotemarksright.jpgBack in July, Cedric Moro started a crowdsourced mapping service to keep track of the spread of Ebola in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea. Moro is a risk consultant who has created several crowdsourced maps of this kind using the openStreetMap project Umap.

Anyone can enter information about suspected or confirmed Ebola cases while hospitals and other health facilities can tell people whether they are open and functioning and how many spare beds they have.

The site tracks other information to such as unsafe burials, hostility towards health workers and links to information about the disease. It even tracks the movement of infected individuals to see how the disease spreads.

Moro’s work has been hugely important in helping to link potential victims with appropriate healthcare facilities and giving a broader overview of the tragedy as it unfolds.

But it also has an important limitation. Anyone hoping to contribute must have access to a computer or smartphone to upload their information. That means the system is accessible only to a relatively small portion of the population.

Today, Mohamad Trad from Doctors Without Borders in Paris, France, and a couple of pals outline plans to build on Moro’s approach and make this kind of information available purely through ordinary mobile phones. “We propose building a recommendation system based on simple SMS text messaging to help Ebola patients readily find the closest health service with available and appropriate resources,” they say.

The system will be easy for locals to use. The idea is that they can report their symptoms via text to a toll-free number where the messages will be analysed by natural language processing algorithms to determine whether theirs is likely to be a case of Ebola. The system will take into account the spatial distribution of known Ebola cases to classify the disease as accurately as possible.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

Canada Wants to Jam Prison Cell Phones So Inmates Can't Run Drug Cartels

Prison_crowded.jpg Canada, like many countries, has a prison contraband problem. Its inmates are sneaking in cell phones at an increasing rate, so, to stop them from running crime rings from the inside, the country is thinking about using cell phone jammers in its correctional facilities.

quotemarksright.jpgDocuments obtained by Motherboard under the Access to Information Act suggest Correctional Service Canada looked into the use of cell phone jamming technologies in March 2012, after the agency reported over 200 illegal cell phones being confiscated from federal prisons in three years.

... With cell phones, and especially smartphones, Canadian inmates were being given "unfettered access to the internet and social media sites" that let them touch base with the online free world.

But potential jamming technologies would also raise some serious concerns on the outside.

Cell phone jammers can interrupt the communication of bees, could be powerful enough to disrupt nearby public services like police, firefighters, and ambulances, and could interfere "in national security investigations being carried out by the Canadian Security and Intelligence Service or the Royal Canadian Mounted Police," the documents said.

Brazil tried and failed. Law enforcement agents couldn't jam the full cell phone spectrum in certain prisons and inmates found the "shadows" within cell coverage to continue their criminal activities from jail.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article. Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons.

October 16, 2014

BBC launches WhatsApp Ebola service


The BBC has launched an Ebola public health information service on WhatsApp, aimed at users of the service in West Africa. Te BBC reports.

quotemarksright.jpgThe service will provide audio, text message alerts and images to help people get the latest public health information to combat the spread of Ebola in the region.

Content will be limited to three items a day, and the service will be in English and French.

To subscribe, send 'JOIN' via WhatsApp to +44 7702 348 651

To unsubscribe, send 'STOP' via WhatsApp to the same number.

As the biggest "chat app" in use in Africa, the platform is being used as a means of reaching people in the region directly through their mobile phones.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article. Photograph: Sylvain Cherkaoui/Cosmos for MSF published in The Guadian.

October 15, 2014

Ebola text-message system set to expand

_78209541_732a8d1a-6712-4c11-b084-8f23c374ca40.jpg The operators of a text-message-based system used to advise people about Ebola in Sierra Leone aim to extend it to seven other West African nations. The BBC reports.

quotemarksright.jpgThe facility allows the Red Cross and Red Crescent charities to send SMS messages to every switched-on handset in a specific area by drawing its shape on a computer-generated map.

It also automatically sends back appropriate replies to incoming texts.

The charities say they hope to complete the expansion within nine months.

However, they will first require the co-operation of local mobile networks and authorities.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 14, 2014

SMS service could spot the next Ebola outbreak zone

An Australian doctor is raising funds to launch an SMS service in West Africa that sends people to the right medical facilities based on key words used, and crunches that data to look for the next outbreak spot. Wired reports.

quotemarksright.jpgMohamad-Ali Trad who has a masters in public health and tropical medicine and has worked with MSF in under-resourced areas and conflict zones -- and his friend Raja Jurdak, who works in the telecommunications sector, the initial idea was to use a similar system to reduce A&E waiting times in Australian hospitals. Patients text code words such as "fever" or "cough" to a specific number, and immediately get an SMS directing them to the most appropriate service.

It would save on the lengthy recorded messages many establishments in the NHS favour, but also ensure patients go where there is a doctor or a bed free. It's the secondary element of the system Trad is proposing, however, that is perhaps most interesting. This, he tells us, "records geographical patterns of those code words.

"For example, we will be able to tell how many fever 'code words' have been sent from a particular area, and hence this could act as a warning system for the nearby healthcare centres." This is relevant in any situation -- be it a local flu outbreak in the UK, or the start of the malaria season elsewhere.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 13, 2014

Photo-sharing app protects your pics from screenshots

Screen Shot 2014-10-13 at 14.26.05.pngA new photo-sharing app uses a common optical illusion to make your sent snaps a lot harder for the receiver to screenshot. C/net reports.

quotemarksright.jpgPopular photo sharing app Snapchat may notify you when the recipient of your image takes a screenshot -- but it doesn't actually make it harder to grab that screenshot in the first place.

New iOS app Yovo is looking to make a change in that direction. Created by privacy software company ContentGuard, it uses a novel solution to protect your snaps from screenshots: because it can't do anything about controlling user behaviour, it uses an optical illusion on the images themselves.

The illusion it uses is simple -- the Barrier Grid illusion. This is similar to what you might experience driving past a picket fence: as you speed past, your eyes tend to see the stationary scene behind the palings, rather than the palings themselves.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 12, 2014

New SMS service to provide deaf with roadside assistance

A new service launched this week by Nati Roadway Services in Israel aims to allow hard of hearing people the possibility of calling for help via SMS.

quotemarksright.jpgThe service, entitled SOS by SMS will allow the deaf and hard of hearing population in Israel roadside and towing assistance by allowing them to send an SMS from their cell phones to call for help. The service is available to the hard of hearing 24 hours a day and seven days a week at a cost of NIS 300 per year.quotesmarksleft.jpg

[via The Jerusalem Post]

October 11, 2014

CDC Tracks Ebola in West Africa With Cell Phone Location Data

Screen Shot 2014-10-11 at 13.21.24.png The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is tracking the approximate locations of cell phone users in West Africa who dial emergency call centers in an effort to predict the onset and spread of Ebola outbreaks. Mashable reports.

quotemarksright.jpgThe data is just the number of calls by cell tower but from that you can get a rough idea of the area that the calls are coming in from, and then derive census, neighborhood data from that," CDC spokeswoman Kristen Nordlund told Nextgov on Thursday.

It's one of the high-tech approaches the U.S. government is piloting to stop the spread of the disease.

There is deep cell phone penetration in many parts of West Africa, where land lines sometimes are nonexistent.

By collecting tower data from telecommunications providers, CDC officials can visualize the beginnings of an outbreak, explained Este Geraghty, chief medical officer at software mapping provider Esri. She's working with the agency on response efforts.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.


-- Commentary: Containing the Ebola Outbreak – the Potential and Challenge of Mobile Network Data - A Sept. 29 article in the online medical journal "PLOS Currents" outlined the potential of mobile network data to restrain Ebola.

October 10, 2014

Apple’s iPhone Encryption Is a Godsend, Even if Cops Hate It

Screen Shot 2014-10-10 at 08.12.07.png The improved iPhone encryption built into iOS 8 ensures for the first time, that all the important data on your phone—photos, messages, contacts, reminders, call history—are encrypted by default. Nobody but you can access the iPhone’s contents, unless your passcode is compromised, something you can make nearly impossible by changing your settings to replace your four-digit PIN with an alphanumeric password. Wired reports.

quotemarksright.jpgRather than welcome this sea change, which makes consumers more secure, top law enforcement officials, including US Attorney General Eric Holder and FBI director James Comey, are leading a charge to maintain the insecure status quo.

They warn that without the ability to crack the security on seized smartphones, police will be hamstrung in critical investigations. John Escalante, chief of detectives for Chicago’s police department, predicts the iPhone will become “the phone of choice for the pedophile.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 7, 2014

BulkSMS aids the Treevolution

treevolution.jpg An example today of how text messaging helps a community communicate directly and efficiently.

Greenpop is a social business that plants indigenous and fruit trees in schools and community centres and organises reforestation projects in deforested areas.

With over 400 beneficiaries, 100 VIP’s and loads of volunteers in Cape Town and Zambia, Greenpop needs to communicate with them as well as the beneficiaries of previous tree-planting excursions.

A challenge Greenpop faces is being able to send reminders and workshop invitations to people that live in rural areas that lack internet access. And because the majority of people do own cellphones, members, teachers, activists and volunteers can be informed thanks to a text messaging service provided by BulkSMS.

Greenpop has had great success in rallying local support to their projects in Zambia and they are relying on BulkSMS to keep their beneficiaries inspired, interested and engaged with their work.

Read more.

October 6, 2014

Hundreds Of Devices Hidden Inside New York City Phone Booths


According to Buzzfeed, tiny radio transmitters known as 'beacons' — devices that can be used to track people's movements — have been installed in hundreds of pay phone booths across Manhattan.

quotemarksright.jpgTitan, the outdoor media company that sells ad space in more than 5,000 panels in phone kiosks around the five boroughs, has installed about 500 of the beacons, a spokesman for the city's Department of Information Technology and Telecommunications (DoITT), Nicholas Sbordone, confirmed to BuzzFeed News.

... One of New York's leading privacy advocates, New York Civil Liberties Union executive director Donna Lieberman, denounced the program after learning of it from a reporter Sunday.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

October 2, 2014

Phone boxes turn green to charge mobiles

Screen Shot 2014-10-02 at 17.35.31.png

Disused phone boxes in London are being put to a novel use - as solar-powered charging stations for mobile phones. The first of six boxes was unveiled on Tottenham Court Road this week.

The service is free to use although users will be shown adverts as they wait for their phone to charge.

[via the BBC]

October 1, 2014

App flashes lights to help deaf users catch phone calls

A new smartphone app empowers deaf people to “hear” through coloured lights when a phone is ringing, and then have a conversation via sign language interpreters. The Telegraph reports.

quotemarksright.jpgThe Convo Lights app works with Philips Hue, the Wi-Fi enabled light bulbs which can be made to change colour or turn off and on via a smartphone app. Hue is largely designed for aesthetics but Convo has given it new abilities by flashing the lights or displaying certain colours when an incoming phone call is detected.

Since the launch of Philips Hue last year third-party developers worldwide have created nearly 200 complimentary apps.

The new app from Convo, a deaf-owned and operated company providing video phone and translation services to the deaf community, allows users to create personalised ringtones of light to identify incoming callers, and adjust the brightness in a room to make sign language easier to see onscreen.

Convo also provides a service which allows deaf people to communicate over the phone with hearing people in real time via a sign language interpreter, which is built into the app.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read more.

September 29, 2014

Testing While Texting Takes Off in East Africa


A dumbphone-based SMS service makes it easy—and affordable—to study for Kenya's high-stakes tests. takepart reports.

quotemarksright.jpgEneza, a tiny Nairobi-based social enterprise, has developed an SMS-based system that sends practice exams to kids whose families subscribe for the equivalent of 10 cents a week.

While broadband and smartphone technologies are out of reach of many rural Kenyan communities, “students who have less than $1 day [nevertheless] have access to SMS,” said the app’s developer, Nairobi programmer Kago Kagichiri.

Kagichiri said that in two years, Eneza has reached 35,000 subscribers throughout Kenya; they have access to practice exams and tutoring material in five subjects, as well as unlimited text messaging to complete the exercises and have results texted back to them.

The company claims children using the service saw their national exam scores improve by an average of 5 percent after one year. That figure rose to 11 percent when Eneza was used in cooperation with teachers, rather than individually at home.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

North Korea Issues Cellphone Etiquette Guide

cells.jpeg Though only 10 percent of North Korea's population use Koryolink, the wireless carrier for the country that launched in 2008, the government has published guidelines on proper phone etiquette. As Slate points out:

quotemarksright.jpg It seems unlikely that North Koreans are loudly divulging personal information while riding on public buses or walking around, given the constant threat of being sent to work camps or even being killed for inappropriate behavior.quotesmarksleft.jpg

If the above seems extreme, remember that during the 100 day mourning period for Kim Jong-Il in 2012, citizens in North Korea were banned from using mobile phones, and those caught were to be treated as 'war criminals'.

September 27, 2014

Mobile phones 'safe to use during flights'

imgres.jpg Airline passengers will be able to use their mobile phones throughout flights after the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) ruled that they do not pose a risk to aircraft safety. The Telegraph reports.

quotemarksright.jpgUnder current rules all passengers have to switch their mobile phones to “airplane mode” during take-off and landing.

But the EASA has now offered new guidance which allows airlines to change their own rules and allow mobile phones to be used “throughout the flight”.

It will be up to each airline to decide whether or not to allow the use of phones on board and each company will have to go through its own assessment process to ensure that their aircraft systems are not affected in any way by the transmission signals.

Once airlines have completed this safety assessment they will have to install additional equipment in order to provide customers with a signal because mobile phone transmitters cannot be reached from the high cruising altitudes that modern airliners reach.

... Mobile phone use had now been conclusively proved safe throughout all portions of a flight.

It will take at least two months for the first airlines to pass the new safety assessments, he estimated.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

September 26, 2014

Owning a mobile phone in once-reclusive Myanmar is about to get a lot easier and cheaper

Screen Shot 2014-09-26 at 09.06.36.png

The mobile revolution in Myanmar, a country that was once one of the most reclusive in the world, is kicking up a gear after Telenor confirmed it will launch its much-anticipated mobile service in the country this weekend. [via TheNextWeb]

quotemarksright.jpgThe Norway-headquartered company is the highest profile operator to enter Myanmar (also known as Burma) since the country ended decades of military rule in 2012.

Telenor’s entry represents another important step towards democratizing mobile phones in Myanmar. SIM cards once cost $200 (or upwards of $1,500 during military rule) making them too expensive for most of the population. Qatari firm Ooredoo introduced $1.50-priced SIMs in August, prompting huge queues, and Telenor is following suit with the same low prices — meaning greater choice and increased availability.quotesmarksleft.jpg

Read full article.

September 25, 2014

Saving the Lives of Cameroonian Mothers and their Babies with an SMS

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A project sponsored by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) uses mobile technology to increase access to healthcare services to communities “when they most need it.” [via IPS News].

quotemarksright.jpgThe World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends that a nurse or doctor should see a maximum of 10 patients a day. But according to Tetanye Ekoe, the vice president of the National Order of Medical Doctors in Cameroon, “the doctor-to-patient ratio in Cameroon stands at one doctor per 40,000 inhabitants, and in remote areas such as the Far North and Eastern Regions, the ratio is closer to one doctor per 50,000 inhabitants.”

According to UNICEF, out of every 100,000 live births 670 women in Cameroon die. UNICEF figures also state that for every 1,000 live births, 61 infants died in Cameroon in 2012.

“Many women are dying from child-birth related issues. Women are dying while giving life. And this is something we are really concerned about, but we also know that with the coming of mobile technology, there is hope for women in Africa,” Okwen says. With this system, it suffices to send an SMS or a simple beep, and all the actors involved in saving lives are mobilised.

“Most of the women in Africa today have access to a telephone. It could be her own, her husband’s own, or a neighbour’s. So if we had a way in which women could reach an ambulance using a phone that would guide the ambulance, it could indeed present hope for African women,” he explains.

Okwen says the project has benefitted “close to one hundred women in terms of information, evacuation, arrangements of hospital visits, deliveries and caesarean sections.”

The project has been dubbed “Tsamounde”, which means hope in the local Fufuldé language.quotesmarksleft.jpg

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